2008. A team led by Avie Tevanian, who had joined the company after working as one of the Mach kernel engineers at Carnegie Mellon University, was to develop the Nextstep operating system. 73 Microsoft announced the Cairo project in 1991; the Cairo specification included similar object-oriented user interface features for a coming consumer version of Windows. The magneto-optical drive was replaced with.88 MB floppy drive to offer users a way to use their floppy disks. NeXT sold 20,000 computers in 1992 (NeXT counted upgraded motherboards on back order as sales) a small number compared with their competitors. In 1986, Jobs recruited the famous graphic designer Paul Rand to create a brand identity costing 100,000. "Apple to Use Intel Microprocessors Beginning in 2006" (Press release). "Happy Birthday: WebObjects at 10".
15 Before the specifications were finished, however, Apple sued Next for "nefarious schemes" to take advantage of the cofounders' insider information. 7 8 Berg was frustrated by the expense of teaching students about recombinant DNA from textbooks instead of in wet laboratories, used for the testing and analysis of chemicals, drugs, and other materials or biological matter. Object-oriented programming and graphical user interfaces became more common after the 1988 release of the NeXTcube and Nextstep, when other companies started to emulate NeXT's object-oriented system. 39 40 NeXT produced some motherboards and enclosures, but exited the hardware business before full production. Archived from the original on June 2, 2006. In 1989 a typical new PC, Macintosh, or Amiga computer included a few megabytes of RAM, a color or 320x240 4000-color display, a 10 to 20 megabyte hard drive and few networking capabilities.